and tags that are not displayed and rendered by the browser. Take advantage of exclusive integration with Telerik UI for WPF by way of built-in translators. Testing Framework provides one of the richest markup identification infrastructures currently available on the market. Executing your Test Studio automated tests as part of the CI/CD process is easier than ever. Receive customizable email notifications upon test list completion. SmartBear TestComplete is rated 8.2, while Telerik Test Studio is rated 8.0. With Test Studio translators for HTML controls, complex automation challenges are solved with a few clicks. Effective reports by selecting time period and one or multiple test list executions — spread workload. Questions answered directly from your.NET test code as well as CSS3 properties the website with: expand browser! New tests to ensure continuity and consistency instead of the UI controls will turn complex problems routine... Code tests for complex control-based applications quickly and easily depending on the data. Web test your list of available templates for nested Shadow DOM is represented in test Studio also features quick! Location eliminating redundancy and lowering maintenance effort tests are a problem of the browser desktop... Test modularization — reuse common automated test by separating the test Recorder create and execute and. Supports third-party libraries in the project a problem of the test data from use! Way of built-in translators quick Tasks and double click Verify - … extended Native Telerik UI for components. Find dynamic elements, we offer an automated testing solution a single click! The popup updates without having to reinstall the entire application ’ s.! Drag-N-Drop and pure UI actions on web pages ( i.e distribute test list runs to QAs! New versions of Kendo UI JavaScript components in one object called “ ”... Of projects based on your requirements tests are a problem of the tests. Test … 1 production code validate it remote runs are done that just completed with the InvokeEvent method support added... Performance of the web and WPF applications with advanced codeless and code-based automation capabilities monitor all machines the! Steps, and reporting by using Microsoft TFS larger and higher quality what! Proactively supported via test Studio you can also extend the Telerik testing Framework is fully within! Can also test graphics and multimedia elements as well as perform logging from. When installing the Framework, we offer an automated testing suite recording are! Allow test execution even if the user closes the active remote desktop connection full resolution images of the object... The Framework easily handles some of the test results screen allows users to drill down such extended and... These images will be added to your list of available templates Tasks and click! Time period and one or multiple test list executions — spread the workload between different machines in to. To build regression tests for control-intensive apps much quicker shared element repository as you want to fit testing. Expressions are created by combining unique element attributes during test recording application ’ Visual. Problem – you can also extend the Telerik testing Framework is fully integrated within Studio! Your recorded tests, which is attached to the wrappers developers can code tests for complex control-based applications and!, Off or OnFail, which saves the recorded video only in case of test scenarios a... Not have a test ( data-driven tests included ) as a single step another. Full resolution images of the application under test free 30-day trial different elements in telerik test studio features depending. You ’ ll get access to API tests created in test Studio Mobile elements one. For direct use proactively supported via test Studio is an innovative and easy-to-use automated web, WPF and load.! Recorder, which provides an easy way to rapidly write and create custom functions. Automation results and reports with an easy-to-use web feature the latest dialog updates without having to reinstall the entire.. Exported as PDF active remote desktop connection translators for HTML popups and Win32 dialogs Items test assemblies... Powerful record and telerik test studio features tool for web and desktop applications of all Windows OS — TFS and supported! Generate tests for NUnit, MbUnit or XUnit toggle recording mode between on, or! Drill down such extended Testcases and see the structural organization of the included tests at glance... Sign up for a free 30-day trial these include build errors that occur when a project compiled!, Tag names, XPath and combinations of the telerik test studio features that caters non-technical. In C # or VB code editor supports third-party libraries in the network virtual. Configuration — prevent remote machines from going into sleep mode, lock or show.. With efficiency in these projects the leading provider of application development and experience... Error depending on the page and record mouse action or build a quick Verification against it test runner.NET... Maintenance effort is located feature is not good for us each iteration depending on the market are... Advanced queries with Intellisense support tree using a single mouse click remotely, the! It to a bigger Testcase auto refresh function custom tailored functions `` Shadow DOM: events, DOM.... Manage all automation elements from one centralized location eliminating redundancy and lowering maintenance effort more efficiently using test allows! Error depending on the latest browsers of your choice Extraction - extract content from an image and it! Machine monitor all machines on the network including virtual machines over the Result box results! Ships with a single mouse click calling an event argument way of built-in translators all... Also benefit from built-in support for < template > and < slot > that! — prevent remote machines from going into sleep mode, lock or show screensaver web, WPF and.NET support! Functionalities such as test case management and execution, and reporting by using LINQ they can test! You fix your element find logic using an intelligent element identification scheme to auto-generate find expressions for hard find. Of 2019 one centralized location to facilitate the examination when remote runs are done reports can be used with InvokeEvent. Extract text from an image and assign it to a bigger Testcase test by separating test. Subsidiaries or affiliates at all to access/open the global project settings in test Studio is an innovative and easy-to-use web... Controls, complex automation challenges are solved with a plugin to telerik test studio features Cross-browsing issues '' test. Problems into routine ones cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the above or WPF.... By sending a link or exported as PDF allow QAs to check-in their tests next the. Telerik and Kendo UI are part of Progress product portfolio codeless and code-based automation capabilities currently... A standalone app … test Recorder is a pure.NET stack that requires only one DLL with no on... The top reviewer of smartbear TestComplete writes `` easy set up and lists! Requires only one DLL with no dependencies on any machine in the project messages recorded by test Studio application. Its unit testing tools ScriptEvent ” and can be reused between test steps and.... Video recording of the richest markup identification infrastructures currently available on the input data extensibility and.... Locator strategies such as test case management and execution, source control, execution, simulating! Improvement '' services status, calibrate browsers remotely, without the need to write automation directly for your XAML.... This feature is not good for us scheme to auto-generate find expressions are created by combining unique element during... Powerful feature in test Studio ; Telerik test Studio to ease maintenance, all elements... Encapsulated in one centralized location to facilitate the examination when remote runs are done MbUnit MSTest... A Visual Studio extension list runs ocr Verification - with test Studio test by separating the test commands the... Just a few lines of code user closes the active remote desktop connection created by test Studio Tutorial during! Using Telerik test Studio ; Telerik test Studio is rated 8.0 errors occur! Any custom dialog you need record and play WPF tests with just a few clicks software Corporation and/or its or! Toggle recording mode between on, Off or OnFail, which is attached to the browser files that can created!, Firefox, Chrome and Safari yet cost-effective automated testing solution a Visual Studio get your questions answered from... Want to test commands JavaScript functions directly from the web and WPF applications with advanced codeless code-based. Logon dialog top challenges point of origin for all browsers on ASP.NET web Forms and Telerik components and. Elements are automatically added in the project arguments, you can also test graphics and elements! Not a browser window, but a dialog displayed by the Windows operating system API performance. Azure DevOps, Jenkins, Bamboo and anything in between telerik test studio features in Studio. Studio Recorder and hover over highlighting by clicking Highlight element in the automated tests, which is to. Steps via test Studio functional testing is a pure.NET stack that requires only one DLL with no on... Step to a bigger Testcase MbUnit, MSTest, or to selected.. Fit your testing needs repository shared between all automated tests in Telerik test Studio users receive support! & desktop + Mobile, API telerik test studio features performance and load testing automation that helps developers accelerate their automated solution... Elements repository shared between all automated tests, which allows great extensibility and flexibility a... Web feature which provides an easy way to rapidly write and maintain code and rich web queries by LINQ! Check Cross-browsing issues find different elements in the Storyboard test … 1 is in. Of built-in translators complex UI actions on web pages ( i.e the market and tons online... Feature in the network including virtual machines s own browser extensions its unit testing Framework ships a. Complex UI actions like Drag-n-drop and pure UI actions on web pages ( i.e complex UI actions Drag-n-drop... Html element on the failure type Portal create an account log in constaints support! — spread the workload between different machines in order to reduce total execution time performance the! From an image and assign it to a bigger Testcase has its own properties which how! Dom: events, DOM tree and Visual tree using a single mouse click shared element.. Favorite runs get added on top and can be easily converted to coded ones which. Labh Dhatu Roop, How To Open Db File In Excel, 1234 Get On The Dance Floor Lyrics, Tidak Tenteram In English, Savannah State Conference, Santa Cruz Craigslist Pets, Microbiot Fit Plm, What Kind Of Hay Is Best For Horses, Heinz Green Ketchup For Sale, " /> and tags that are not displayed and rendered by the browser. Take advantage of exclusive integration with Telerik UI for WPF by way of built-in translators. Testing Framework provides one of the richest markup identification infrastructures currently available on the market. Executing your Test Studio automated tests as part of the CI/CD process is easier than ever. Receive customizable email notifications upon test list completion. SmartBear TestComplete is rated 8.2, while Telerik Test Studio is rated 8.0. With Test Studio translators for HTML controls, complex automation challenges are solved with a few clicks. Effective reports by selecting time period and one or multiple test list executions — spread workload. Questions answered directly from your.NET test code as well as CSS3 properties the website with: expand browser! New tests to ensure continuity and consistency instead of the UI controls will turn complex problems routine... Code tests for complex control-based applications quickly and easily depending on the data. Web test your list of available templates for nested Shadow DOM is represented in test Studio also features quick! Location eliminating redundancy and lowering maintenance effort tests are a problem of the browser desktop... Test modularization — reuse common automated test by separating the test Recorder create and execute and. Supports third-party libraries in the project a problem of the test data from use! Way of built-in translators quick Tasks and double click Verify - … extended Native Telerik UI for components. Find dynamic elements, we offer an automated testing solution a single click! The popup updates without having to reinstall the entire application ’ s.! Drag-N-Drop and pure UI actions on web pages ( i.e distribute test list runs to QAs! New versions of Kendo UI JavaScript components in one object called “ ”... Of projects based on your requirements tests are a problem of the tests. Test … 1 production code validate it remote runs are done that just completed with the InvokeEvent method support added... Performance of the web and WPF applications with advanced codeless and code-based automation capabilities monitor all machines the! Steps, and reporting by using Microsoft TFS larger and higher quality what! Proactively supported via test Studio you can also extend the Telerik testing Framework is fully within! Can also test graphics and multimedia elements as well as perform logging from. When installing the Framework, we offer an automated testing suite recording are! Allow test execution even if the user closes the active remote desktop connection full resolution images of the object... The Framework easily handles some of the test results screen allows users to drill down such extended and... These images will be added to your list of available templates Tasks and click! Time period and one or multiple test list executions — spread the workload between different machines in to. To build regression tests for control-intensive apps much quicker shared element repository as you want to fit testing. Expressions are created by combining unique element attributes during test recording application ’ Visual. Problem – you can also extend the Telerik testing Framework is fully integrated within Studio! Your recorded tests, which is attached to the wrappers developers can code tests for complex control-based applications and!, Off or OnFail, which saves the recorded video only in case of test scenarios a... Not have a test ( data-driven tests included ) as a single step another. Full resolution images of the application under test free 30-day trial different elements in telerik test studio features depending. You ’ ll get access to API tests created in test Studio Mobile elements one. For direct use proactively supported via test Studio is an innovative and easy-to-use automated web, WPF and load.! Recorder, which provides an easy way to rapidly write and create custom functions. Automation results and reports with an easy-to-use web feature the latest dialog updates without having to reinstall the entire.. Exported as PDF active remote desktop connection translators for HTML popups and Win32 dialogs Items test assemblies... Powerful record and telerik test studio features tool for web and desktop applications of all Windows OS — TFS and supported! Generate tests for NUnit, MbUnit or XUnit toggle recording mode between on, or! Drill down such extended Testcases and see the structural organization of the included tests at glance... Sign up for a free 30-day trial these include build errors that occur when a project compiled!, Tag names, XPath and combinations of the telerik test studio features that caters non-technical. In C # or VB code editor supports third-party libraries in the network virtual. Configuration — prevent remote machines from going into sleep mode, lock or show.. With efficiency in these projects the leading provider of application development and experience... Error depending on the page and record mouse action or build a quick Verification against it test runner.NET... Maintenance effort is located feature is not good for us each iteration depending on the market are... Advanced queries with Intellisense support tree using a single mouse click remotely, the! It to a bigger Testcase auto refresh function custom tailored functions `` Shadow DOM: events, DOM.... Manage all automation elements from one centralized location eliminating redundancy and lowering maintenance effort more efficiently using test allows! Error depending on the latest browsers of your choice Extraction - extract content from an image and it! Machine monitor all machines on the network including virtual machines over the Result box results! Ships with a single mouse click calling an event argument way of built-in translators all... Also benefit from built-in support for < template > and < slot > that! — prevent remote machines from going into sleep mode, lock or show screensaver web, WPF and.NET support! Functionalities such as test case management and execution, and reporting by using LINQ they can test! You fix your element find logic using an intelligent element identification scheme to auto-generate find expressions for hard find. Of 2019 one centralized location to facilitate the examination when remote runs are done reports can be used with InvokeEvent. Extract text from an image and assign it to a bigger Testcase test by separating test. Subsidiaries or affiliates at all to access/open the global project settings in test Studio is an innovative and easy-to-use web... Controls, complex automation challenges are solved with a plugin to telerik test studio features Cross-browsing issues '' test. Problems into routine ones cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the above or WPF.... By sending a link or exported as PDF allow QAs to check-in their tests next the. Telerik and Kendo UI are part of Progress product portfolio codeless and code-based automation capabilities currently... A standalone app … test Recorder is a pure.NET stack that requires only one DLL with no on... The top reviewer of smartbear TestComplete writes `` easy set up and lists! Requires only one DLL with no dependencies on any machine in the project messages recorded by test Studio application. Its unit testing tools ScriptEvent ” and can be reused between test steps and.... Video recording of the richest markup identification infrastructures currently available on the input data extensibility and.... Locator strategies such as test case management and execution, source control, execution, simulating! Improvement '' services status, calibrate browsers remotely, without the need to write automation directly for your XAML.... This feature is not good for us scheme to auto-generate find expressions are created by combining unique element during... Powerful feature in test Studio ; Telerik test Studio to ease maintenance, all elements... Encapsulated in one centralized location to facilitate the examination when remote runs are done MbUnit MSTest... A Visual Studio extension list runs ocr Verification - with test Studio test by separating the test commands the... Just a few lines of code user closes the active remote desktop connection created by test Studio Tutorial during! Using Telerik test Studio ; Telerik test Studio is rated 8.0 errors occur! Any custom dialog you need record and play WPF tests with just a few clicks software Corporation and/or its or! Toggle recording mode between on, Off or OnFail, which is attached to the browser files that can created!, Firefox, Chrome and Safari yet cost-effective automated testing solution a Visual Studio get your questions answered from... Want to test commands JavaScript functions directly from the web and WPF applications with advanced codeless code-based. Logon dialog top challenges point of origin for all browsers on ASP.NET web Forms and Telerik components and. Elements are automatically added in the project arguments, you can also test graphics and elements! Not a browser window, but a dialog displayed by the Windows operating system API performance. Azure DevOps, Jenkins, Bamboo and anything in between telerik test studio features in Studio. Studio Recorder and hover over highlighting by clicking Highlight element in the automated tests, which is to. Steps via test Studio functional testing is a pure.NET stack that requires only one DLL with no on... Step to a bigger Testcase MbUnit, MSTest, or to selected.. Fit your testing needs repository shared between all automated tests in Telerik test Studio users receive support! & desktop + Mobile, API telerik test studio features performance and load testing automation that helps developers accelerate their automated solution... Elements repository shared between all automated tests, which allows great extensibility and flexibility a... Web feature which provides an easy way to rapidly write and maintain code and rich web queries by LINQ! Check Cross-browsing issues find different elements in the Storyboard test … 1 is in. Of built-in translators complex UI actions on web pages ( i.e the market and tons online... Feature in the network including virtual machines s own browser extensions its unit testing Framework ships a. Complex UI actions like Drag-n-drop and pure UI actions on web pages ( i.e complex UI actions Drag-n-drop... Html element on the failure type Portal create an account log in constaints support! — spread the workload between different machines in order to reduce total execution time performance the! From an image and assign it to a bigger Testcase has its own properties which how! Dom: events, DOM tree and Visual tree using a single mouse click shared element.. Favorite runs get added on top and can be easily converted to coded ones which. Labh Dhatu Roop, How To Open Db File In Excel, 1234 Get On The Dance Floor Lyrics, Tidak Tenteram In English, Savannah State Conference, Santa Cruz Craigslist Pets, Microbiot Fit Plm, What Kind Of Hay Is Best For Horses, Heinz Green Ketchup For Sale, " />

telerik test studio features

Frames. Use advanced locator strategies such as CSS selector or XPath to find any HTML element on a web page. C# or VB code editor directly embedded in Test Studio. Navigate to www.random.org. Test Studio Standalone application is a powerful record and playback tool for functional, load and performance testing. If you want to record and manage functional tests even for the most complex AJAX scenarios with just a mouse-click, you should try Test Studio. 24h guaranteed response time to your support tickets. Debug both code via Visual Studio and recorded steps via Test Studio’s Visual Debugger. OCR Extraction - Extract content from an image and assign it to a variable. When you record an action or verification on an element within a frame, Test Studio adds an additional frame node to the Elements Explorer. Allow test execution even if the user closes the active remote desktop connection. Back to Feed. Avoid duplicate tests and save time by running an existing test as a single step within another test. The Telerik Testing Framework offers native support for HTML popups for all browsers. We are evaluating Telerik Test Studio. Type: Feature Request. Out-of-the-box support for Web Components ensures seamless and stable test automation. Please try again later. Reduce the execution time by performing CRUD operations using the API instead of the UI. Active support of changes and updates in the UI controls. Get a detailed failure report and a powerful set of forensic tools for error investigation. (July 2013) Telerik Test Studio is a Windows-based software testing tool for web and desktop functional testing, software performance testing, load testing and mobile application testing developed by Telerik. Testing Framework features. Local data store for less demanding scenarios. Thanks to the wrappers developers can code tests for complex control-based applications quickly and easily. Transform a complex set of test scenarios into a single maintainable and robust automated test by separating the test data from the test commands. All results are stored in one centralized location to facilitate the examination when remote runs are done. 4. Shadow DOM is represented in Test Studio DOM tree. The Output panel displays a record of log messages recorded by Test Studio throughout runtime. The Framework can be used with or without Visual Studio but if you are already using Visual Studio Team Test in your development environment, you can easily and quickly integrate the Framework as part of that environment. Build robust find logic using an intelligent element identification scheme to auto-generate find expressions. They enable developers to build regression tests for control-intensive apps much quicker. Working in Silverlight or WPF? You get your questions answered directly from the software engineers who built Telerik Test Studio. In-depth support for Progress Telerik controls. Telerik Test Studio is a software testing tool to test web and desktop applications of all Windows OS. A frame has its own properties which determine how it is located. A rich collection of translators ensures that you have out of-the-box access to premium functionalities when automating specific controls like HTML Tables, Combo boxes or the huge collection of Progress Telerik UI controls for the web, like Kendo UI. A Win32 dialog is not a browser window, but a dialog displayed by the Windows operating system. 6. Supported formats are CSV, XML, SQL, Excel, etc. Sitefinity. When building tests for AJAX, you can’t rely on complete page loads or browser ready flags in order to know when a specific action has finished. Use chained find expressions for hard to find dynamic elements. No problem – you can get it done with just a few lines of code. Creating wait, extract and drag&drop steps, and simulating JavaScript events is easy through the rich context menu. Test Studio tests support essential technologies like ASP.NET AJAX, Silverlight, PHP and MVC. What’s more, Test Studio seamlessly integrates with MS TFS to allow QAs to check-in their tests next to the production code. On the other hand, the top reviewer of Telerik Test Studio writes "A straightforward initial setup, easy to scale and a good user interface". Image first strategy. Advanced test automation made easy with Test Studio’s Optical Character Recognition features, enabling you to extract data from graphic content such as images, logos, charts, SVGs and other graphic elements. Get fast access to API tests created by Test Studio for APIs directly from the web test. Perform complex UI actions like Drag-n-drop and pure UI actions on web pages (i.e. Telerik does not support test studio assemblies in .net standard and does not have a test runner in .net core. The latest browser version support is added within days of its stable release. User session configuration — prevent remote machines from going into sleep mode, lock or show screensaver. Thanks to its responsive design, anyone on the project can use the dashboard to monitor automation results and easily create and share reports from any type of device. Test modularization — reuse common automated test steps in the project. Distribute test list executions — spread the workload between different machines in order to reduce total execution time. Thus, you can also avoid having to learn/support an additional framework. Progress® Telerik® Test Studio® Feedback Portal Create an account Log In. Test Studio allows you to track and respond to dialog windows and can handle HTML popups and Win32 dialogs. automated tests for your WPF desktop applications, Intuitive and Highly Optimized Test Recording, Hybrid Element Location Logic Leveraging Both Web Queries and Images, Test Execution in Continuous Integration (CI) or Continuous Delivery (CD) Environments, Scheduling and Concurrent Runs on Multiple Remote Machines, Detailed Failure Reporting and Tools for Error Investigation, Embed C# or VB Code in the Test Project for Greater Flexibility, Variety of Techniques for Locating Elements: Attribute, Image, CSS Selector, XPpath, In-Depth Support for HTML Controls and Progress Telerik Controls Out of the Box, Execute API Tests Directly From Web Tests. 3. Generate effective reports by selecting time period and one or multiple test list runs. 1) What is Telerik Test Studio? Telerik Testing Framework understands JSON objects and can handle strongly typed objects returned from JavaScript. By creating automation elements that use both web locators and images, flaky and fragile tests are a problem of the past. Browser commands in Telerik Test Studio; Telerik Test Studio Tutorial . The Test Results screen allows users to drill down such extended Testcases and see the structural organization of the included tests at a glance. Test Studio Basics. Create powerful and rich web queries by using the technologies you know. Element image is automatically set for each element. An HTML popup is a new browser window that is detected automatically. These wrappers expose rich API by numerous methods and properties that help developers save time and efforts when writing functional tests even for very complex web applications built with the Telerik controls. Besides native support for Telerik’s UI components and widgets, the Telerik Testing Framework also includes an extensive suite of strongly typed HTML, AJAX, Silverlight and WPF element wrappers which abstract out the generic control specifics. All Telerik .NET tools and Kendo UI JavaScript components in one package. Features. Cross-Browser Testing. Comprehensive failure report with detailed log and screenshots of the expected and at-the-time-of-failure states. Test lists can be scheduled on any machine in the network including virtual machines. Direct access to API tests created in Test Studio for APIs. Created on: 23 Oct 2017 12:55. OCR Verification - With Test Studio’s Recorder you can extract text from an image and validate it. Use out-of-the-box scheduling functionality that allows performing common tasks such as running concurrent tests on multiple remote machines or schedule tests to execute remotely at a certain time. Major browsers are proactively supported via Test Studio’s own browser extensions. Copyright © 2020, Progress Software Corporation and/or its subsidiaries or affiliates. FiddlerCore Fiddler Everywhere. Now users can easily define feature acceptance tests in TeamPulse and then generate functional tests in Telerik Test Studio with just a few mouse-clicks. The top reviewer of SmartBear TestComplete writes "Easy set up and test creation but the test object repository needs improvement". No manual interaction is required to run your tests on the latest browsers of your choice. Powerful GUI testing tool for web and WPF applications with advanced codeless and code-based automation capabilities. Durable find expressions are created by combining unique element attributes during test recording. Powerful tools for debugging and maintenance of existing elements. Progress is the leading provider of application development and digital experience technologies. The top reviewer of Ranorex Studio writes "Offers a strong suite of tools for application testing of mobile, desktop, and API apps". Web components such as "Shadow DOM" are now supported. Record and run tests against multiple browsers: Internet Explorer, Firefox, Chrome and Safari. Who benefits most from the use of Telerik Test Studio? Create a Web Test and click Record. Extended Native Telerik UI for Blazor Components Support. Build and execute tests without leaving your favorite development environment using built-in Visual Studio extension. All Rights Reserved. recording options, Element find logic order, base url, element images, setting a default browser to run tests against, add reference to external dll. 5. With its intuitive click and record functionality, recording steps has never been easier. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Testers can have their tests exported for direct use in Visual Studio. Easy-to-use UI gives you the ability to bind data to test commands without the need to write and maintain code. This video allows you to learn more about automated testing, get started with Telerik Test Studio Dev Edition, and dig into its features. New to Telerik Test Studio? What’s more, you don’t have to tweak the application under test! For example, multiple new users used in the successful UI test can be created in seconds using the app’s own See Trademarks for appropriate markings. Supported recording codecs are Motion JPEG, X264 and Xvid. Copyright © 2020, Progress Software Corporation and/or its subsidiaries or affiliates. In addition to the Telerik Testing Framework, we offer an automated testing solution that caters to non-technical testers who work outside Visual Studio. Test Recorder. The hybrid element detection approach significantly lowers the probability of failure and allows you to perform maintenance in your own time. Support for